Definition of incur in English:

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Pronunciation: /inˈkər/

verb (incurs, incurring, incurred)

[with object]
Become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behavior or actions: I will pay any expenses incurred
More example sentences
  • We are a family and she had incurred family expenses that needed to be paid.
  • Under the Local Government Act, a councillor who incurs an expense in their duty is entitled to be reimbursed.
  • However, as with all new business ventures, a lot of expense was incurred in setting up.
bring upon oneself, expose oneself to, lay oneself open to;
run up;
attract, invite, earn, arouse, cause, give rise to, be liable/subject to, meet with, sustain, experience, contract



Pronunciation: /-əns/
Example sentences
  • In broad terms, what they attempted to do was to quarantine the deductions that were incurred in respect of matters where the incurrence was by reference to the production of income off-shore.
  • However, this can be overcome by appropriate revenue-enhancing incentive conditions in the contract and the incurrence of monitoring and enforcement costs.
  • The loans must be prepaid with net cash proceeds of any non-ordinary course asset sales and certain insurance proceeds, as well as proceeds of certain incurrences of indebtedness.


Late Middle English: from Latin incurrere, from in- 'toward' + currere 'run'.

  • cursor from Middle English:

    Nowadays we call the movable indicator on our computer screen the cursor. In medieval English a cursor was a running messenger: it is a borrowing of the Latin word for ‘a runner’, and comes from currere ‘to run’. From the late 16th century cursor became the term for a sliding part of a slide rule or other instrument, marked with a line for pinpointing the position on a scale that you want, the forerunner of the computing sense. Currere is the source of very many English words including course (Middle English) something you run along; concourse (Late Middle English) originally a crowd who had ‘run together’; current (Middle English) originally meaning ‘running, flowing’; discursive (late 16th century) running away from the point; excursion (late 16th century) running out to see things; intercourse (Late Middle English) originally an exchange running between people; and precursor (Late Middle English) one who goes before; as well as supplying the cur part of concur (Late Middle English); incur (Late Middle English); occur (Late Middle English) (from ob- ‘against’); and recur (Middle English).

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: in·cur

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