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inhibitor

Syllabification: in·hib·i·tor
Pronunciation: /inˈhibədər
 
/

Definition of inhibitor in English:

noun

1A thing that inhibits someone or something.
Example sentences
  • The tort threat and the threat of criminal prosecution after a crime has been committed are the most reliable inhibitors of criminal aggression.
  • Why don't we just put speed inhibitors in all new cars?
  • When those rust inhibitors lose their effectiveness, the inside of the radiator can start to corrode.
1.1A substance that slows down or prevents a particular chemical reaction or other process, or that reduces the activity of a particular reactant, catalyst, or enzyme.
Example sentences
  • Moreover, inhibition of the cysteine protease activity by chemical inhibitors suppressed the leaf senescence process.
  • Enzyme inhibitors traditionally target the active site by matching its steric, hydrogen binding, and charge constraints.
  • Maturation induced by xanthine oxidase was prevented by allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase activity, and by N-acetylcysteine.
1.2 Genetics A gene whose presence prevents the expression of some other gene at a different locus.
Example sentences
  • No mutations were detected associated with resistance to multinucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, such as Q151M or insertions at codon 69.
  • These data indicate the importance of the beta-globin control for signaling either the presence of an inhibitor or insufficient DNA template for amplification.
  • Note that saline scored better in this test despite having a lower yield, suggesting the presence of an amplification inhibitor in the DNA derived from Listermint.

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