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- 2a plant with sword-shaped leaves and showy flowers, typically purple, yellow, or white. Native to both Eurasia and North America, it is widely cultivated as an ornamental.
- Genus Iris, family Iridaceae (the iris family): many species and numerous hybrids, including the crested dwarf iris (I. cristata) and the sweet iris (I. pallida). The iris family also includes the gladioli, crocuses, and freesias
modern Latin, via Latin from Greek iris 'rainbow, iris'