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journal

Syllabification: jour·nal
Pronunciation: /ˈjərnl
 
/

Definition of journal in English:

noun

1A newspaper or magazine that deals with a particular subject or professional activity: medical journals [in names]: the Wall Street Journal
More example sentences
  • Shane Rhodes has published poetry, essays and reviews in magazines, journals and newspapers across Canada.
  • Craft spends her professional hours surrounded by thousands of academic journals, magazines and newspapers.
  • She reads novels, newspapers, medical journals and science periodicals, and as a writing instructor, she reads teaching books.
Synonyms
2A daily record of news and events of a personal nature; a diary.
Example sentences
  • Some people call them journals, or diaries, but to Dylan, they were neither.
  • It's a journal, a diary, an online record of your likes, your loathes, your jokes and your photos.
  • Interpreting a person's life from journals left behind is a dangerously misguided exercise.
Synonyms
diary, daily record, daybook, log, logbook, chronicle
trademark daytimer
2.1 Nautical A logbook.
Example sentences
  • Phelps, who first went to sea as a cabin boy in 1816, worked from original journals and logbooks now mostly lost.
  • Logbooks and journals reveal that in the nineteenth century it was common practice for Royal Navy vessels to pick up a complement of Kru sailors, or Kroomen, upon reaching the African coast.
  • The third, a naval journal or logbook from 1853-1854, reveals clashes with pirates in the Far East at the height of British imperial power.
2.2 (the Journals) A record of the daily proceedings in the British Houses of Parliament.
Example sentences
  • Otherwise, I do not know how the Journals of the House would record it.
2.3(In bookkeeping) a daily record of business transactions with a statement of the accounts to which each is to be debited and credited.
Example sentences
  • This is not a formal accounting journal with debits and credits.
  • Accounting organizes information in the form of documents, journals, ledgers, and reports.
3 Mechanics The part of a shaft or axle that rests on bearings.
Example sentences
  • The LS1 hydraulic roller camshaft has large bearing journals and a large-diameter base circle to minimize torsional twisting and stress.
  • Sizing the engine for its current displacement meant that the crankshaft lost four pounds, and could ride on smaller bearing journals.
  • The bit journal is the bearing load-carrying surface, as shown in Figures 4.5 and 4.6.

Origin

late Middle English (originally denoting a book containing the appointed times of daily prayers): from Old French jurnal, from late Latin diurnalis (see diurnal).

More
  • In the Middle Ages a journal was a book listing the times of daily prayers. It comes ultimately from the late Latin word diurnalis ‘belonging to a day’. The use of the word to mean a personal diary, which in theory you filled in every day, comes in at the beginning of the 17th century. Journal meaning ‘a daily newspaper’ is first recorded from the early 18th century, but must be earlier as journalist, in the modern sense, dates from the late 17th century. The earliest senses of journey in Middle English were ‘a day, a day's travel, a day's work’. Like journal, the word comes ultimately from the Latin dies ‘day’. Today we use journeyman (Late Middle English) as a term for a worker or sports player who is reliable but not outstanding. This goes back to the Middle Ages when it was the name for someone who had served his apprenticeship but was not yet a master of his craft. He still worked for someone else, and got his name from the fact that he was paid by the day.

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