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jurisdiction

Syllabification: ju·ris·dic·tion
Pronunciation: /ˌjo͝orəsˈdikSH(ə)n
 
/

Definition of jurisdiction in English:

noun

1The official power to make legal decisions and judgments: federal courts had no jurisdiction over the case the District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress
More example sentences
  • And nor should it exclude the jurisdiction of any other state that gives its courts universal jurisdiction over international crimes.
  • Turkey officials waved jurisdiction of the case because it did not involve any Turkish nationals, Edmonson said.
  • As mayor of Los Angeles, Riordan had no official role or any jurisdiction over city schools.
Synonyms
1.1The extent of the power to make legal decisions and judgments: the claim will be within the jurisdiction of the industrial tribunal
More example sentences
  • Nor can it effectively do justice in the individual case within the limits of its jurisdiction and to that extent vindicate the rule of law.
  • The act must be one committed within the jurisdiction by the alleged tortfeasor, not the victim.
  • The procuring must occur within the jurisdiction although the sexual intercourse may occur outside the jurisdiction.
1.2A system of law courts; a judicature: in some jurisdictions there is a mandatory death sentence for murder
More example sentences
  • The provision limiting comment accords with the present law in those jurisdictions where judicial comment may be made.
  • The judicial system resembles that of other common law jurisdictions.
  • As a result the common law courts still remain more distant from the merits than the administrative law courts of continental jurisdictions.
1.3The territory or sphere of activity over which the legal authority of a court or other institution extends: several different tax jurisdictions
More example sentences
  • In other words, can they engage in legal economic activity in a jurisdiction where prostitution is legal?
  • While referring to the laws of other jurisdictions, US courts have given them short shrift.
  • There is no legislation of South Australia which says that courts of other jurisdictions may not sit in South Australia.
Synonyms
territory, region, province, district, area, domain, realm

Origin

Middle English: from Old French jurediction, from Latin jurisdictio(n-), from jus, jur- 'law' + dictio 'saying' (from dicere 'say').

Derivatives

jurisdictional

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • These other international law jurisdictional doctrines seemingly have little relevance to Article XX.
  • First, it changed its jurisdictional claim from a jurisdiction over land, to one over people.
  • But it is still in the jurisdictional capacity of the High Court, if I understand how it works.

Definition of jurisdiction in:

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