Definition of kermes in English:
1A red dye used, especially formerly, for coloring fabrics and manuscripts.
- Traditional red colourings include kermes and cochineal, both of which are pigments made by crushing masses of tiny insects.
- In medieval color symbolism, red often connoted sin, but it also indicated wealth, especially in trecento Italy, where woolen cloth dyed in kermes was the most expensive.
- Exports from the city of Arcadia included wool, wax, silk, and kermes, destined for Venice via Zakynthos.