Definition of ketone in English:

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ketone

Pronunciation: /ˈkētōn/

noun

Chemistry
An organic compound containing a carbonyl group CO bonded to two hydrocarbon groups, made by oxidizing secondary alcohols. The simplest such compound is acetone.
Example sentences
  • Low molecular weight aldehydes and ketones are soluble in water because the carbonyl oxygen atom allows the molecules to form strong hydrogen bonds with the molecules of water.
  • Over time, however, it oxidizes and chemically degrades to form alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, acids and esters.
  • In this reaction, an ester joins with another ester, a ketone, or a nitrile.

Derivatives

ketonic

Pronunciation: /kēˈtänik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • This type of reaction gives as its product a beta ketonic ester, ketone, or nitrile (depending upon the starting compounds) and an alcohol.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from German Keton, alteration of Aketon 'acetone'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ke·tone

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