A primary electrochemical cell having a zinc cathode in contact with zinc chloride, ammonium chloride (as a solution or a paste) as the electrolyte, and a carbon anode in contact with a mixture of manganese dioxide and carbon powder.
- By far the most common primary cells are based on the zinc-manganese dioxide couple, either so-called zinc-carbon cells (Leclanché cells) or alkaline manganese cells.
Late 19th century: named after Georges Leclanché (1839–82), French chemist.
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