Definition of Leyden jar in English:

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Leyden jar

noun

An early form of capacitor consisting of a glass jar with layers of metal foil on the outside and inside.
Example sentences
  • The Leyden jar is a primitive capacitor, first used for containing electrical spirits and demons by Rabbi Levi of Prague in the sixteenth century.
  • One experimenter described to the Royal Society an encounter with a Leyden jar - a primitive capacitor - that left him with a bleeding nose and ‘a heaviness in my head, as if I had a stone lying upon it’.
  • It is easy to imagine Ben Franklin practicing abduction when he first witnessed a spark discharge from the Leyden jars in which he had stored large electric charges.

Origin

Mid 18th century: named after Leyden (see Leiden), where it was invented (1745).

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: Ley·den jar

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