Definition of lithify in English:

lithify

Syllabification: lith·i·fy
Pronunciation: /ˈliTHəˌfī
 
/

verb (lithifies, lithifying, lithified)

[with object] chiefly Geology
  • Transform (a sediment or other material) into stone.
    More example sentences
    • Another strong argument against the mammoth death-in-the-Flood hypothesis is that the Beringian animals are buried in unconsolidated surficial sediments overlying lithified sedimentary rocks.
    • Low-strain deformation of many natural rocks, both unlithified sediments and lithified sedimentary rocks, occurs by strain localization in dilatant joints or in shear bands that can dilate or compact.
    • This sediment was locally lithified to form thin hard grounds, presumably at times of non-sedimentation or significantly reduced sedimentation.

Derivatives

lithification

Pronunciation: /ˌliTHəfiˈkāSHən/
noun
More example sentences
  • These differences could be related to variation in degree of lithification of the overburden, causing it to collapse vertically rather than with more gentle downsagging.
  • An alternative mechanism involves lithification by magnesium calcite, aragonite, or dolomite brought about by the subsurface mixing of sea water with fresh waters draining from the land.
  • Bands of sheared sandstone, mudstone, and conglomerate locally form broken units indicating deformation prior to full lithification of sediment, consistent with an accretionary complex origin.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek lithos 'stone' + -fy.

More definitions of lithify

Definition of lithify in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day maelstrom
Pronunciation: ˈmālˌsträm
noun
a powerful whirlpool in the sea