There are 2 main definitions of loan in English:

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loan1

Syllabification: loan
Pronunciation: /lōn
 
/

noun

1A thing that is borrowed, especially a sum of money that is expected to be paid back with interest: borrowers can take out a loan for $84,000
More example sentences
  • If anyone wants to take out a loan, borrow money, or get something on hire purchase, they have to agree to a credit check being done on them to make sure they are safe with other people's money.
  • Because if you can deduct interest on a loan, invest the money, and earn tax-free profits, you essentially get a government subsidy for investing.
  • Managed financial systems allowed capital accumulation to be financed by bank loans at low interest rates, regulated by the monetary authorities.
Synonyms
credit, advance;
lending, moneylending;
microlending, microcredit, microfinance
1.1An act of lending something to someone: she offered to buy him dinner in return for the loan of the car
More example sentences
  • Many thanks to Harry Fairbairn BMW for the loan of the test car.
  • Thanks to Ian Philp Mercedes-Benz in Glasgow for the loan of our test car.
  • Many thanks to Arnold Clark Vauxhall in Pollokshields for the loan of our test car.
1.2 short for loanword.
Example sentences
  • Multiple sets of sound correspondences can be used to distinguish loans from inherited words.
  • Since the 19c, it has also provided loans to European languages including English and French.
  • It isn't very common, and as far as I know, all of the words that contain it are loans from French.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
Borrow (a sum of money or item of property): the word processor was loaned to us by the theater he knew Rob would not loan him money
More example sentences
  • This could use any land to send its sheep to market - including royal - as it loaned large sums to the crown.
  • Family and friends loaned money and helped her to buy the former Muslim girls school.
  • Any future credits and moneys loaned will be loaned at a rate of seven percent usury.
Synonyms
lend, advance, give credit;
give on loan, lease, charter
borrow, receive/take on loan

Origin

Middle English (also denoting a gift from a superior): from Old Norse lán, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch leen, German Lehn, also to lend.

Phrases

on loan

1
(Of a thing) being borrowed: the painting is at present on loan to the gallery
More example sentences
  • Since then, it has travelled on loan to more than a dozen other opera companies throughout North America.
  • The watch is on loan to the exhibition from a leading UK collector.
  • It had been on loan to the Galleries since the 1950s but that was not long enough to qualify for a Heritage Lottery Fund grant.
1.1(Of a worker or sports player) released to another organization or team, typically for an agreed fixed period.
Example sentences
  • Both went on loan to several clubs before leaving permanently.
  • They have had to go out on loan to make sure they get more experience.
  • He went on loan to Blackpool but they had two cup matches in that time and Sunderland wouldn't allow him to play in them.

Derivatives

loanable

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Professor Robertson implies… that the loanable funds theory has a close connection with the ‘real forces’ of ‘productivity and thrift’ which is absent in the Keynesian theory.
  • And, importantly, no longer are market rates determined through the interaction of the demand for borrowings with a limited supply of loanable funds.
  • The conventional wisdom among economists is that prolonged deficits will raise interest rates as borrowers are crowded out of credit and loanable funds markets, thus negatively affecting long-term economic growth.

loanee

2
Pronunciation: /ˌlōˈnē/
noun
Example sentences
  • New India Assurance Company and State Bank of India have joined hands to provide accident insurance cover to all loanees of the bank availing housing and car loans.
  • He said there were a large number of loanees who would like to benefit from a low interest rate regime now to get their old loans taken over by a financier who provides finances at cheaper rates.
  • Alternatives, including short and long-term loanees, are being explored, but according to Worthington, there is still a lack of availability.

loaner

3
noun
Example sentences
  • There is an inescapable irony that what began for him - and indeed the donors or loaners - as an aspirational dream of ermine has ended in the social indignity that only the threat of the policeman's knock can bring.
  • I'm genuinely touched by this, and as a fellow scooter rider, might try to make the ride - but I'll need a 150 cc loaner.
  • In the 1980s, the Conservative Party also received loans that magically resulted in the loaner getting a peerage, and it still does the same thing today.

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There are 2 main definitions of loan in English:

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loan2

Line breaks: loan

Entry from British & World English dictionary

(also loaning /ˈləʊnɪŋ/)

noun

[usually in place names] Scottish
1A lane or narrow path, especially one leading to open ground: Whitehouse Loan
1.1An open, uncultivated piece of land where cows are milked.

Origin

late Middle English variant of lane.

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