Definition of medulla in English:

medulla

Syllabification: me·dul·la
Pronunciation: /məˈdələ
 
/

noun

Anatomy
1The inner region of an organ or tissue, especially when it is distinguishable from the outer region or cortex (as in a kidney, an adrenal gland, or hair).
More example sentences
  • The adrenal cortex is of mesodermal origin, whereas the adrenal medulla is derived from the neural crest.
  • The biopsy specimen consisted of renal cortex and outer medulla and contained 17 glomeruli.
  • The nodules did not invade the adrenal capsule or adrenal medulla.
1.1 short for medulla oblongata.
More example sentences
  • The brainstem consists of the midbrain, pons and medulla, structures located deep in the back of the brain.
  • Similar changes may be seen in the medulla and upper brain stem.
  • Removal of the meninges and some cranial nerve roots allow salient features of the ventral or anterior aspect of the medulla and pons to be examined more easily.
1.2 Botany The soft internal tissue or pith of a plant.
More example sentences
  • Chloroplasts were abundant in the secondary cortex and secondary phloem, and occurred throughout the secondary xylem rays and medulla of 3-year-old stems.

Origin

late Middle English (in the sense 'bone marrow'): from Latin, 'pith or marrow'.

Derivatives

medullary

Pronunciation: /məˈdələrē, ˈmejələrē/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Radiologic examination in all cases except one revealed a well-circumscribed mass in the hilar and medullary region of the kidney.
  • On the right is seen the large, medullary area of the cerebral hemisphere, surrounded by a layer of gray cortical matter.
  • In all reported cases of renal medullary carcinoma in which the race was known, the patients have been black.

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