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melancholia Syllabification: mel·an·cho·li·a
Pronunciation: /ˌmelənˈkōlēə/

Definition of melancholia in English:


1Deep sadness or gloom; melancholy: rain slithered down the windows, encouraging a creeping melancholia
More example sentences
  • Contrasting greatly with the often-brooding melancholia of Tristeza, LaValle manages to inject an uplifting aspect into his solo work.
  • Writers invariably describe the flat estuary land as ‘melancholic ‘, but that's because writers bring their melancholia with them.
  • If you're not in the market for a new wall color, or you're not quite ready to risk a bout of autumnal melancholia, it's quite easy to use this deep rose as an accent, especially when you want to create a romantic, intimate mood.
1.1 dated A mental condition marked by persistent depression and ill-founded fears.
Example sentences
  • He refused to take on patients who were psychotic; that is, who were suffering from schizophrenia or from the most severe type of melancholia (depressive illness).
  • Asylum doctors divided mental illness into four categories: mania (with an important subcategory, monomania), melancholia, dementia, and idiocy.
  • All the identified patients had psychotic illnesses: mania and melancholia, general paresis, and post-encephalitic states.


Pronunciation: /-ˈkōlē-ak/
noun& adjective
Example sentences
  • For the rest of his short life she looked after him, mended his clothes, helped him through melancholiac hangovers, fed him as well as the meager larder permitted.
  • In Freud, it is assumed that the ego exists apart from the lost object; however, for Schwenger's melancholiac, the sense of loss resides in the perception that there is no self apart from objects.
  • He argues that the melancholiac's self-loathing disguises a hostility towards the lost, beloved object, indicating an underlying ambivalence towards it.


Late Middle English (denoting black bile): from late Latin (see melancholy).

Words that rhyme with melancholia

Anatolia, magnolia, Mongolia
Definition of melancholia in:
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