A viral disease of African origin, related to smallpox and transmitted to humans through fluid exchange by rodents and primates.
- Smallpox vaccine has been reported to reduce the risk of monkeypox among previously vaccinated persons in Africa.
- The world has recently seen an emergence or re-emergence of infectious diseases such as smallpox, SARS, West Nile virus, and monkeypox.
- Today monkeypox is not spreading fast, but the slow decline of immunization to smallpox may nudge monkeypox up into the breakout zone.
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