Definition of monocline in English:

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monocline

Pronunciation: /ˈmänəˌklīn/

noun

Geology
A bend in rock strata that are otherwise uniformly dipping or horizontal.
Example sentences
  • This rotation caused the large-scale monoclines that characterize the footwall geometry of the Güney and Kuzey detachments.
  • The Triassic limestones are stacked along monoclines of c.1 km thickness gently dipping toward the north.
  • Ductile fabrics and tectonic boundaries in the southern part of the Cine massif outline a large-scale monocline, the tectonic significance of which is not known.

Derivatives

monoclinal

Pronunciation: /ˌmänəˈklīnl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The conspicuous monoclinal folding of Caledonian nappes in the half-graben above the Hardangerfjord Shear Zone is the most outstanding expression associated with the shear zone.
  • The result is a monoclinal rollover anticline, its tightness increasing progressively with continued fault displacement.
  • The subhorizontal or gently northwest-dipping stratification of the nappe stack would rotate during the shearing to form the monoclinal structure.

Origin

Late 19th century: from mono- 'single' + Greek klinein 'to lean'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: mon·o·cline

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