Definition of monosome in English:

monosome

Syllabification: mon·o·some
Pronunciation: /ˈmänəˌsōm
 
/

noun

Biology
  • An unpaired (usually X) chromosome in a diploid chromosome complement.
    More example sentences
    • RSLs are lines in which a chromosome pair is replaced by a recombined monosome (monosomic RSL) or disome (disomic RSL).
    • This shoulder peak disappears if extracts are centrifuged under conditions that dissociate monosomes and polysomes into free 40S and 60S subunits.
    • Thirty-four monosomes and telosomes, representing 18 of the 26 chromosomes, were used in combination with six mutants that were associated with nine loci.

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