Definition of monument in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈmänyəmənt/


1A statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a famous or notable person or event.
Example sentences
  • After his death, the Athenians honored his memory with a statue, and a monument to him was erected in his own country.
  • They begin with the proposal to erect a monument to a famous figure.
  • A dream of erecting a monument to the Battle of Britain is now one step closer after fundraisers hit the halfway mark £600,000.
memorial, statue, pillar, column, obelisk, cross;
cenotaph, tomb, mausoleum, shrine
1.1A statue or other structure placed by or over a grave in memory of the dead.
Example sentences
  • They're monuments to dead climbers - not gravestones per se but carefully constructed shrines.
  • The late sculptor James McKenna was hailed as one of the best sculptors of the millennium at the unveiling of a monument at his grave in Newbridge last week.
  • ‘There have been some times in the past when people have damaged graves and monuments, but this hasn't happened recently,’ he said.
gravestone, headstone, tombstone, grave marker, plaque
1.2A building, structure, or site that is of historical importance or interest: the amphitheater is one of the many Greek monuments in Sicily
More example sentences
  • Historical monuments, sites and buildings also came under the scrutinising eye of the engineers preparing the draft plan.
  • But Zambia offers other attractions like wildlife, a rich cultural heritage and its people, historical sites and monuments.
  • Our individual histories reside in monuments and sites; our collective histories reside in places where we live together.
1.3An outstanding, enduring, and memorable example of something: recordings that are a monument to the art of playing the piano
More example sentences
  • Like an old stone barn with hand-hewn beams, they were built to last, enduring monuments to craftsmanship and common sense.
  • Pat also contributed his expertise voluntarily over the years and the designs of the buildings are a monument to his skill.
  • The building was a monument to gloomy Edwardian luxury, with a hallway of marble and panelled wood.
testament, record, reminder, remembrance, memorial, commemoration


Middle English (denoting a burial place): via French from Latin monumentum, from monere 'remind'.

  • monitor from early 16th century:

    Today's familiar uses of monitor, for a computer or TV screen or for checking the progress or quality of something, date only from the mid 20th century. A much earlier sense was ‘a reminder or warning’, reflecting its origin in Latin monere ‘to warn’, the source also of admonish (Middle English), monster (Late Middle English), and monument (Middle English). A monitor lizard is a large tropical lizard, in Australia also called a goanna (a L19th corruption of iguana), whose name derives from the way its reactions can warn people of the presence of a venomous creature. In schools from the 16th century a monitor was a pupil with responsibility for supervising and disciplining other pupils, who in the past might have done some teaching.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: mon·u·ment

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