Definition of motion in English:

motion

Syllabification: mo·tion
Pronunciation: /ˈmōSH(ə)n
 
/

noun

1The action or process of moving or being moved: the laws of planetary motion a cushioned shoe that doesn’t restrict motion
More example sentences
  • Sir Isaac Newton formulated a single law of gravitation based on Kepler's three laws of planetary motion.
  • Johannes Kepler formulated the laws of planetary motion, but died in relative poverty and obscurity in 1631.
  • For Darwin, matter is not static but is constantly in motion, dynamic, so the universe itself is bursting with life, motion, energy.
Synonyms
movement, moving, locomotion, rise and fall, shifting; progress, passage, passing, transit, course, travel, traveling
1.1A gesture: she made a motion with her free hand
More example sentences
  • Mrs. Benson held the storm door firmly shut and smiled saccharinely at the girls while making shooing motions with her free hand.
  • Would they understand a summoning gesture as ‘come here’ or a pushing-away motion as ‘go away’?
  • In a delicate motion Maria placed her free hand on Erik's, soaking in the warmth of his skin.
Synonyms
gesture, movement, signal, sign, indication; wave, nod, gesticulation
1.2A piece of moving mechanism.
2A formal proposal put to a legislature or committee: the head of our commission made a motion that we rewrite the constitution
More example sentences
  • He would not be able to live down the embarrassment in the event of someone telephoning him, as it was he who proposed the motion at committee to ban mobiles.
  • He planned to propose a motion to City of York Council, calling on it to back the campaign.
  • Later on Tuesday, Curley made a motion to defer further consideration of the health budget until his questions could be answered.
Synonyms
proposal, proposition, recommendation, suggestion
2.1 Law An application for a rule or order of court.
More example sentences
  • Over the next several years, there were many motions for temporary court orders relating to custody and access.
  • On March 15, the defense had to file a motion for a court order to force the prosecution to turn over the rest of the evidence.
  • The Attorney General opposed the motion for substitution on procedural grounds.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Direct or command (someone) with a movement of the hand or head: he motioned Dennis to a plush chair [with object and infinitive]: he motioned the young officer to sit down [no object]: he motioned for a time out
More example sentences
  • No doubt he had our best interests at heart as he motioned us towards the downward-bound funicular.
  • She acknowledged my return with a wave, motioning me to sit down at my desk.
  • A friend of Delia's, Ben Lewis, spots us and waves madly, motioning us to sit down with him.
Synonyms
2 [no object] Make a proposal in a deliberative or legislative body: [with clause]: she recognized the majority leader, who motioned that the body adjourn
More example sentences
  • Dr Macey motioned that the minutes of the November 11, 2005 meeting be accepted.
  • Mr. Harris motioned that the minutes be approved as corrected.

Origin

late Middle English: via Old French from Latin motio(n-), from movere 'to move'.

Phrases

go through the motions

Do something perfunctorily, without any enthusiasm or commitment.
More example sentences
  • Although the Department went through the motions of investigating complaints, its commitment to enforcing the corporal punishment regulations was half-hearted at best.
  • The existential vacuum is the phenemenon which envelops those who go through the motions without feeling any passion or connection to their accomplishments.
  • It amazes me how often we find ourselves inadvertently going through the motions of achieving things, doing everything we know we're supposed or told to do, but eventually not reaching the finish line, or reaching it a bit too late.
Simulate an action: a child goes through the motions of washing up
More example sentences
  • He went through the motions of pretending to write out a ticket for the benefit of the other full price passengers.
  • The media initially went through the motions of pretending that this was a real election campaign.
  • I was going through the motions, faking the emotions, wriggling around like a lizard on a tin.

in motion

Moving: flowing blonde hair that was constantly in motion
More example sentences
  • Jasmine flushed with guilt and couldn't seem to get her feet or her tongue in motion.
  • These have stopped passengers from getting on and off while the bus is in motion, or alighting where they please.
  • Managers and designers can then satisfy themselves that it will look as good in motion in the real world as it does on screen.
Synonyms
moving, on the move, going, traveling, running, functioning, operational

set something in motion

Start something moving or working.
More example sentences
  • Once set in motion and free of outside disturbances, the axes of these spinning globes should keep pointing in the same direction.
  • This setup allows the wheel to be set in motion once the axle starts to turn.
  • Once set in motion by the Creator they continued by their own inexorable internal logic.
Start or trigger a process or series of events: plunging oil prices set in motion an economic collapse
More example sentences
  • He dialled 911 and a bizarre series of events was set in motion.
  • When the bank moves in to foreclose, she decides to double-cross the duo, setting in motion a series of events which spiral out of control.
  • But then the education minister of the time, Thomas Wells, resigned, setting in motion a series of events that changed everything.
Synonyms
start, commence, begin, activate, initiate, launch, get underway, get going, get off the ground; trigger off, set off, spark off, generate, cause

Derivatives

motional

adjective
More example sentences
  • Molecular dynamics techniques are simulations, but are capable of providing detailed insight into the motions that occur during molecular recognition and how motional properties of biomolecules change upon binding.
  • The English construction with fronted motional adverbial - Along came Jones, There goes the neighborhood, Into the valley of death rode the four hundred - has been studied for a long time.
  • At lower temperatures, with increasing dehydration, lipids gradually lose all remaining degrees of motional freedom, and spectra become very broad and unresolved.

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