Definition of mycorrhiza in English:

mycorrhiza

Syllabification: my·cor·rhi·za
Pronunciation: /ˌmīkəˈrīzə
 
/

noun (plural mycorrhizae /-ˈrīzē/)

Botany
  • A fungus that grows in association with the roots of a plant in a symbiotic or mildly pathogenic relationship.
    More example sentences
    • In addition, most vascular plants could not grow without the symbiotic fungi, or mycorrhizae, that inhabit their roots and supply essential nutrients.
    • A special type of beneficial root fungi, called mycorrhizae, actually grow into plant roots, feeding off plant sap but also providing water and nutrients to the plant.
    • These data thus support the authors' suggestion that mycorrhizae are important in enabling plant roots to exploit nutrient patches that might otherwise be out of reach.

Derivatives

mycorrhizal

adjective
More example sentences
  • One hundred intersections were investigated out of a subsample of root pieces of one plant and the presence of at least one mycorrhizal hypha was counted as infection.
  • We quantified mycorrhizal colonization rates because mycorrhizae can play an important role in the nitrogen nutrition of plants.
  • Roots were stained, mycorrhizal colonization in roots was measured and fungal hyphae development in soil was determined as explained above.

Origin

late 19th century: modern Latin, from myco- 'of fungi' + Greek rhiza 'root'.

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Pronunciation: ˌkələrəˈto͝orə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody