- 1an evergreen shrub that has glossy aromatic foliage and white flowers followed by purple-black oval berries.
- Myrtus communis, family Myrtaceae (the myrtle family). This family also includes several aromatic plants (clove, allspice) and many characteristic Australian plants (eucalyptus trees, bottlebrushes)
- 2North American the lesser periwinkle.
- Vinca minor, family Apocynaceae. See periwinkle1
late Middle English: from medieval Latin myrtilla, myrtillus, diminutive of Latin myrta, myrtus, from Greek murtos