Definition of myth in English:

myth

Syllabification: myth
Pronunciation: /miTH
 
/

noun

1A traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
More example sentences
  • Another similar myth is the story of Cybele and Attis.
  • One well-known myth about Dionysus concerns the invention of wine.
  • One Palauan myth recounts the story of a magical breadfruit tree that the child of the sun provided for his human mother.
Synonyms
folk tale, folk story, legend, tale, story, fable, saga, mythos, lore, folklore, mythology
1.1Traditional stories or legends collectively: the heroes of Greek myth
More example sentences
  • Classic Norse myth is rife with stories concerning Loki's attempts to subvert Odin's authority, and Odin's retaliatory actions.
  • In later Greek myth Hecate is presented as the daughter of Hera and Zeus.
  • I think the timocratic structure of divinity in early Greek myth might be quite a good thing to apply to the tale of Eris, the apple and the Trojan War.
2A widely held but false belief or idea: he wants to dispel the myth that sea kayaking is too risky or too strenuous there is a popular myth that corporations are big people with lots of money
More example sentences
  • One of the most widely believed myths in America today is the belief that corporations are an inherent part of capitalism.
  • Allow me to dispel a few popular myths about US taxes.
  • He said the average customers were men who gambled at weekends, dispelling the popular myth that housewives were behind the rise in the popularity of poker.
2.1A misrepresentation of the truth: attacking the party’s irresponsible myths about privatization
More example sentences
  • Both major political parties propagate myths about young people.
  • In more recent times, myths and fabrications were used to justify America and Britain's Gulf War of 1991.
  • I hope to see a few myths and untruths put to bed in 2004, but first a confession.
2.2A fictitious or imaginary person or thing.
More example sentences
  • His secret masters of the world may be a myth, but imagining they exist can make for an enjoyable reading experience.
  • It should not surprise anyone if it turns out that Jean Houston's autobiography is a piece of fiction, a heroic myth spun by her imagination out of the fabric of her desires.
2.3An exaggerated or idealized conception of a person or thing: the book is a scholarly study of the Churchill myth
More example sentences
  • Idealized, regressive myths of a better, more magical time and place are a poor platform for making art.
  • There are myths and distorted concepts out there that may not be true.
  • Racial conflicts are being encouraged with vastly exaggerated figures and myths.
Synonyms
misconception, fallacy, false notion, old wives' tale, fairy tale/story, fiction
informal tall tale, cock-and-bull story, urban myth/legend

Origin

mid 19th century: from modern Latin mythus, via late Latin from Greek muthos.

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Word of the day retroflex
Pronunciation: ˈretrəˌfleks
adjective
turned backward