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neurilemma Syllabification: neu·ri·lem·ma
Pronunciation: /ˌn(y)o͝orəˈlemə/

Definition of neurilemma in English:

noun (plural neurilemmas or neurilemmata-liˈmätə)

The thin sheath around a nerve axon (including myelin where this is present).
Example sentences
  • The oligodendrocyte does not form a neurilemma because its cell body does not wrap around any axons.
  • These nuclei are believed to be in connection with a delicate sheath corresponding with the neurolemma of the medullated nerve fiber.
  • The axis cylinder is the essential conducting structure of the nerve, while the neurolemma and the myelin act as insulating agents.



Example sentences
  • Finally, each nerve fiber and its neurilemmal sheath are enclosed by a connective tissue sheath termed endoneurium.
  • Cutaneous neurofibromas are derived from peripheral nerves and supporting structures, including neurilemmal cells.
  • In the cat and monkey myelin changes are prominent at the junction of the glial and neurilemmal portions of the root, which suggests increased vulnerability at that point.

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