noun (plural neurilemmas or neurilemmata /-liˈmätə/)Anatomy
The thin sheath around a nerve axon (including myelin where this is present).
- The oligodendrocyte does not form a neurilemma because its cell body does not wrap around any axons.
- These nuclei are believed to be in connection with a delicate sheath corresponding with the neurolemma of the medullated nerve fiber.
- The axis cylinder is the essential conducting structure of the nerve, while the neurolemma and the myelin act as insulating agents.
- Example sentences
- Finally, each nerve fiber and its neurilemmal sheath are enclosed by a connective tissue sheath termed endoneurium.
- Cutaneous neurofibromas are derived from peripheral nerves and supporting structures, including neurilemmal cells.
- In the cat and monkey myelin changes are prominent at the junction of the glial and neurilemmal portions of the root, which suggests increased vulnerability at that point.
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