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neutropenia Syllabification: neu·tro·pe·ni·a
Pronunciation: /ˌn(y)o͞otrəˈpēnēə/

Definition of neutropenia in English:


The presence of abnormally few neutrophils in the blood, leading to increased susceptibility to infection. It is an undesirable side effect of some cancer treatments.
Example sentences
  • Fever and infection, due to neutropenia, are infrequent at presentation, but may occur later in the disease.
  • As for safety, most drugs caused the usual signs of cytotoxicity, including neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, fever, infections, and gastrointestinal toxicity.
  • Prophylactic antibiotics can prevent infections and save lives in patients who develop neutropenia after chemotherapy for cancer, say researchers from Israel.


Pronunciation: /ˌn(y)o͞otrəˈpēnik/ /-ˈpenik/
Example sentences
  • Despite initial pancytopenia and neutropenic sepsis, she has tolerated three cycles of chemotherapy.
  • Children who are neutropenic secondary to cancer chemotherapy are usually admitted to the hospital for treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics when they develop a fever.
  • Systemic infection with Candida is a challenging problem in immunocompromised neutropenic patients.


1930s: from neutral+ Greek, penia 'poverty, lack'.

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