Definition of nitric acid in English:

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nitric acid

noun

Chemistry
A colorless or pale yellow liquid acid that is corrosive and poisonous and has strong oxidizing properties, made in the laboratory by distilling nitrates with sulfuric acid.
  • Chemical formula: HNO3.
Example sentences
  • Oxidizing acids such as nitric acid or strong sulphuric acid cannot be handled with copper alloys.
  • Ether can be oxidized by nitric acid to produce ethanoic acid.
  • In a second method, toluene is mixed with nitric acid and oxidized to produce benzoic acid.

Origin

Late 18th century: from French acide nitrique.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ni·tric ac·id

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