Definition of oil in English:

oil

Syllabification: oil

noun

1A viscous liquid derived from petroleum, especially for use as a fuel or lubricant.
More example sentences
  • One of the most significant is carbon dioxide, a by-product of burning fossil fuels such as oil, petrol and coal.
  • The Defenders will also be running on a mix of more combustible aviation fuel and oil to help lubricate the engine.
  • The ban on smokey coal is proving beneficial, but the country is largely dependant on fuels such as oil and coal which increase greenhouse gases.
Synonyms
lubricant, lubrication, grease;
informal black gold
humorous Texas tea
1.1Petroleum.
More example sentences
  • If the railroad supervisor was negligent in overseeing the independent contractor who accidentally spilled oil into a river, whatever harm resulted should have been addressed in a civil proceeding.
  • On the way home, their plane flies above a ship spilling oil into the sea.
  • It is unusual to drill an oil well without a paleontologist onsite to determine when the desired oil-bearing rock layer has been reached.
1.2 [with modifier] Any of various thick, viscous, typically flammable liquids that are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents and are obtained from animals or plants: potatoes fried in vegetable oil
More example sentences
  • The last group includes energy food, including animal and plant oil, starch and wine.
  • Three bottles of high quality essential oils infused into pure, skin-softening organic apricot kernel oil.
  • Biodiesel is an alternative fuel that can be made out of anything from organic canola oil to used cooking grease from fast-food restaurants.
1.3A liquid preparation used on the hair or skin as a cosmetic: suntan oil
More example sentences
  • Coal tar is available as an ointment, cream, lotion, shampoo, bath oil and soap.
  • These substances include soap film, body secretions, skin, hair, bath oils, and dirt.
  • You can use soap substitutes, bath oils and moisturising creams or ointments to soothe, smooth and hydrate the skin in the treatment of dry skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.
1.4 Chemistry Any of a group of natural esters of glycerol and various fatty acids that are liquid at room temperature. Compare with fat.
More example sentences
  • Many naturally occurring fats and oils consist of esters.
  • Included among these compounds are acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, and numerous other esters and fusel oils.
  • They are chemical compounds which belong to the ‘fatty acid esters’ compounds of an oil and an alcohol.
2 (often oils) Oil paint: a portrait in oils
More example sentences
  • Blanding also paints landscapes and portraits in oil, acrylic, pastels and watercolor.
  • The traditional painterly mediums of oil and watercolour remain the norm for the portraiture commissions.
  • The paintings, oils on canvas, were large, and the paper works, also done in oil, were more painted than drawn.

verb

[with object] (often as adjective oiled) Back to top  
1Lubricate or coat (something) with oil: a lightly oiled baking tray
More example sentences
  • Place the balls onto a lightly oiled baking tray and bake them for about 20 minutes, so they are slightly browned.
  • Lightly oil a 12-hole muffin tray then line each mould with a bacon rasher.
  • After coupling to the coach, No. 823 was coaled manually and then had to reverse down the shed road to be oiled and greased for the return journey.
Synonyms
lubricate, grease, smear/cover/rub with oil
informal lube
1.1Impregnate or treat (something) with oil: her hair was heavily oiled
More example sentences
  • Raúl rose slowly, flattening down his oiled hair with his right hand.
  • From the ordinary men and women with oiled hair to those in ties and tuxedos in plush offices, everyone loves a good bite of fast food.
  • Women with oiled and sheeny hair, combs thrust through their buns and intricate embroidered aprons tied round their waists, thronged the riverside bazaar.

Origin

Middle English: from Old Northern French olie, Old French oile, from Latin oleum '(olive) oil'; compare with olea 'olive'.

Phrases

oil and water

Used to refer to two elements, factors, or people that do not agree or blend together.
More example sentences
  • By trying to make it one, they have ended up with something akin to an attempt at mixing oil and water together.
  • Ballads and nu metal bands go together like oil and water, don't they?
  • Normally I would assume that tact and a blunt guy like Matt go together about as well as oil and water, but Matt's social graces come from a genuine wish to make everybody happy.

Derivatives

oilless

adjective

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