Definition of orientation in English:

orientation

Syllabification: o·ri·en·ta·tion
Pronunciation: /ˌôrēənˈtāSHən
 
/

noun

  • 1The determination of the relative position of something or someone (especially oneself): the child’s surroundings provide clues to help in orientation
    More example sentences
    • Actually, I think it's a matter of compass orientation.
    • The agreed reforms aim to ensure the Common Agricultural Policy is firmly based on the principles of market orientation, sustainability and environmental awareness.
    • These days have been incredibly traumatic and the only place I can receive some positive therapy and orientation is this great site.
  • 1.1The relative physical position or direction of something: two complex shapes, presented in different orientations
    More example sentences
    • First, a calibration process determines camera position and orientation with respect to the vehicle platform.
    • The specimens are flattened in a variety of orientations to the bedding planes.
    • There is no relationship between the lattice orientations of the two minerals.
    Synonyms
    positioning, location, position, situation, placement, alignment
  • 1.2 Zoology An animal’s change of position in response to an external stimulus, especially with respect to compass directions.
    More example sentences
    • The sign of the reflexes are such that they would act to counter any imposed perturbations, bringing the animal back to a stable orientation.
    • There appears to be some species-specific responses of migratory orientation by songbirds under narrowband illumination.
    • This work showed that Tritonia devotes a large part of its pedal ganglion neural circuitry to determining its orientation with respect to ambient water currents.
  • 1.3Familiarization with something: their training and orientation comes out of magazine and newspaper distribution
    More example sentences
    • Mike walked me to the counter, and my training and orientation was done.
    • In addition, each business must go through some training and orientation.
    • Foreign-educated nurses need extensive orientation and training in the US health care system.
    Synonyms
  • 1.4 (also orientation course) chiefly North American A program of introduction for newcomers to a college or other institution: she attended freshman orientation
    More example sentences
    • I went to both faculty and residence orientation, which means I have a lot more white t-shirts than I'll ever wear, as one would be more than enough.
    • I remember how surprised I was to hear this at the new faculty orientation.
    • Still haven't actually ‘met’ anyone since orientation though.
    Synonyms
    induction, training, initiation, briefing
  • 1.5The direction of someone’s interest or attitude, especially political or sexual: a common age of consent regardless of gender or sexual orientation
    More example sentences
    • The idea that you can change sexual orientation is laughable.
    • They conclude that a person's sexual orientation is determined before birth.
    • In addition, several items assessed subjects' preferred theoretical orientation and anticipated area of primary professional involvement.
    Synonyms
    attitude, inclination

Derivatives

orientational

adjective
More example sentences
  • To demonstrate the effect of water ordering in the present simulations, the orientational profile of the water dipole along the bilayer normal (z-direction) was calculated.
  • Our purpose here has been to illustrate how three visible ‘bows’ depend for their system-specific meanings on several invisible spatial, orientational and deictic features of the whole systems to which they belong.
  • Obviously no orientational dependence is expected from spherical beads, which is confirmed by our experiments (the residual fluctuations are likely to be due to imperfections in the bead and/or the measurement system).

Origin

mid 19th century: apparently from orient.

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