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paroxysm

Syllabification: par·ox·ysm
Pronunciation: /ˈperəkˌsizəm
 
/

Definition of paroxysm in English:

noun

1A sudden attack or violent expression of a particular emotion or activity: a paroxysm of weeping
More example sentences
  • She is charged with an extraordinary animal vitality and expresses a paroxysm of movement and emotion like one possessed.
  • But what happens if the anticipated €15 billion bonanza sends the Irish economy into a paroxysm of overspending, soaring inflation and rocketing house prices?
  • I still remember my first day there, seeing all the fighters in their black robes and the savage gleam in their eyes as they warily circled each other before exploding in a paroxysm of violence.
Synonyms
spasm, attack, fit, burst, bout, convulsion, seizure, outburst, eruption, explosion, access
1.1 Medicine A sudden recurrence or attack of a disease; a sudden worsening of symptoms.
Example sentences
  • Repetitive episodes of coronary artery spasm and paroxysms of hypertension may result in endothelial damage, coronary artery dissection, and acceleration of atherosclerosis.
  • Repeated trauma, as in paroxysms of cough, can produce inelastic deformation in the most vulnerable part of the ribs, the middle third.
  • Trials are in progress to evaluate pacemakers that detect trends in heart rate and ectopy known to be associated with paroxysms of atrial fibrillation and that initiate single site or multisite pacing in response to these changes.

Origin

late Middle English: from French paroxysme, via medieval Latin from Greek paroxusmos, from paroxunein 'exasperate', from para- 'beyond' + oxunein 'sharpen' (from oxus 'sharp').

Derivatives

paroxysmal

1
Pronunciation: /ˌparəkˈsizməl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Despite compliance with his medications, he noticed progressive weakness, fluid retention, frequent attacks of paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and an inability to perform minor tasks around the house.
  • Six of the 11 patients had coarse, bibasilar rales, and two reported orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.
  • The most common causes of this condition are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, acute vestibular neuronitis or labyrinthitis, Meniere's disease, migraine, and anxiety disorders.

Definition of paroxysm in:

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