Definition of perennate in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈperəˌnāt/ Pronunciation: /pəˈrenāt/


[no object] (usually as adjective perennating) Botany
(Of a plant or part of a plant) live through a number of years, usually with an annual quiescent period.
Example sentences
  • This is especially true for individuals growing in dense shade, where they seldom reach the reproductive phase before the above-ground parts die at the end of the flowering season, while the rhizome perennates.
  • The nitrogen from this source has been shown to be extensively reutilized in the synthesis of proteins in seeds and perennating organs.
  • The soil was maintained at 60% field capacity for 6-8 weeks, until plants produced 3-4 new stems from the perennating structure.



Pronunciation: /ˌperəˈnāSHən/
Example sentences
  • It argues that this reflects the greater ability of plants to survive environmental stress via losing leaves or even whole branch systems, or by perennation as underground stems, rhizomes or seeds.
  • However cutting or incomplete pulling can cause the perennation of the plant such that it branches and becomes enlarged.


Early 17th century: from Latin perennat- 'continued for many years' (from the verb perennare) + -ate3.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: per·en·nate

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