Share this entry

Share this page

perestroika

Syllabification: pe·re·stroi·ka
Pronunciation: /ˌperəˈstroikə
 
/

Definition of perestroika in English:

noun

(In the former Soviet Union) the policy or practice of restructuring or reforming the economic and political system. First proposed by Leonid Brezhnev in 1979 and actively promoted by Mikhail Gorbachev, perestroika originally referred to increased automation and labor efficiency, but came to entail greater awareness of economic markets and the ending of central planning. See also glasnost.
Example sentences
  • In the 1990s there were massive sums to be made as the economic reforms of perestroika kicked in and markets were liberalised.
  • Glasnost and perestroika in the Soviet Union kicked off a debate about restructuring society in East Germany, too.
  • Both glasnost and perestroika appeared to be sweeping the whole of Eastern Europe in the direction of global capitalism, or at least towards an opening to the practices of capitalist globalization.

Origin

Russian, literally 'restructuring'.

Definition of perestroika in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day orthoepy
Pronunciation: ôrˈTHōəpē
noun
the correct or accepted pronunciation of words