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periapsis

Syllabification: per·i·ap·sis
Pronunciation: /ˌperēˈapsis
 
/

Definition of periapsis in English:

noun (plural periapses /-ˌsēz/)

Astronomy
The point in the path of an orbiting body at which it is nearest to the body that it orbits.
Example sentences
  • For objects orbiting Earth, periapsis and apoapsis are known as perigee and apogee; for objects orbiting the Sun, these locations are known as perihelion and aphelion.
  • At periapsis [closest approach to Saturn] it's about 40 kilometers per second [90,000 miles per hour].

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