Definition of phagosome in English:

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phagosome

Pronunciation: /ˈfaɡəˌsōm/

noun

Biology
A vacuole in the cytoplasm of a cell, containing a phagocytosed particle enclosed within a part of the cell membrane.
Example sentences
  • The researchers engineer a BCG strain that secretes the listeriolysin protein, which punches holes in the membranes of phagosomes where M. tuberculosis is located, allowing better T cell-mediated immunity.
  • The process of phagocytosis continues until the bacterium is completely internalized, surrounded by membrane in the phagosome.
  • After internalization of organisms into phagosomes, secondary lysosomes are fused to form the complete parasitophorus vacuole.

Derivatives

phagosomal

Pronunciation: /ˌfaɡəˈsōməl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Failure of mycobacteria to survive in the absence of specific iron uptake system suggests the scarcity of this important nutrient in phagosomal environment 59.
  • Electrons are transferred from cytoplasmic NADPH to oxygen on the phagosomal side of the membrane, generating the so-called reactive oxygen species, e.g., superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical, and singlet oxygen.
  • The lack of urease C allows phagosomal acidification and provides an ideal pH environment for listeriolysin.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: phag·o·some

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