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pharmacology Syllabification: phar·ma·col·o·gy
Pronunciation: /ˌfärməˈkäləjē/

Definition of pharmacology in English:


The branch of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs.
Example sentences
  • The main thrust of the book is to describe the toxicology and pharmacology of herbal products.
  • The harm to benefit ratio varies according to the condition being treated, the drug's pharmacology, and the availability and safety of other therapeutic options.
  • Most ADRs were predictable from the known pharmacology of the drugs and many represented known interactions and are therefore likely to be preventable.


Early 18th century: from modern Latin pharmacologia, from Greek pharmakon 'drug'.



Pronunciation: /ˌfärməkəˈläjik/
Example sentences
  • When the morphine alkaloid was identified as the active ingredient in opium, pharmacologic production of opiates became possible.
  • Combining a cytochrome P450 inhibitor with a substrate can potentiate the pharmacologic effects of the substrate.
  • With minor differences, atorvastatin exhibits similar pharmacologic characteristics as other statins.


Pronunciation: /ˌfärməkəˈläjək(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • Codeine possesses the same pharmacological actions as morphine, but is less potent.
  • Bupropion is the first new pharmacological treatment for smokers to be introduced since nicotine replacement therapy 20 years ago.
  • The most common pharmacological agent that leads to decompensation are NSAIDs.


Example sentences
  • Beta blockers may be more benign pharmacologically than anabolic steroids, but the message is the same.
  • The tricyclic antidepressant drugs include imipramine and its pharmacologically active metabolite desipramine; amitriptyline and its metabolite nortriptyline; and doxepin and its metabolite nordoxepin.
  • Panic is also a common disorder in patients with emphysema and may be managed pharmacologically with short-acting benzodiazepines.


Pronunciation: /ˌfärməˈkäləjəst/
Example sentences
  • Chemists and pharmacologists can alter a drug to decrease its entry into the central nervous system and avoid sleepiness as with the newer antihistamines.
  • Collaborations between marine chemists, molecular pharmacologists, and cell biologists have yielded an impressive library of potentially useful cancer, viral, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, cardiovascular, and CNS drugs.
  • The authors are clinical pharmacologists with long experience of caring for patients with, and collating information on, adverse drug reactions.

Words that rhyme with pharmacology

anthropology, apology, archaeology (US archeology), astrology, biology, campanology, cardiology, chronology, climatology, cosmology, craniology, criminology, dermatology, ecology, embryology, entomology, epidemiology, etymology, geology, gynaecology (US gynecology), haematology (US hematology), hagiology, horology, hydrology, iconology, ideology, immunology, iridology, kidology, meteorology, methodology, musicology, mythology, necrology, neurology, numerology, oncology, ontology, ophthalmology, ornithology, parasitology, pathology, phraseology, phrenology, physiology, psychology, radiology, reflexology, scatology, Scientology, seismology, semiology, sociology, symbology, tautology, technology, terminology, theology, topology, toxicology, urology, zoology • eulogy • energy • synergy • apogee • liturgy • lethargy

Definition of pharmacology in:

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