Definition of pneuma in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈn(y)o͞omə/


(In Stoic thought) the vital spirit, soul, or creative force of a person.
Example sentences
  • In Stoic philosophy, the pneuma penetrates all things, holding things together.
  • Indeed, most cultures have believed in the existence of a vital force: the Chinese call it chi; the Hindus know it as prana; the ancient Greeks used to call it pneuma or psyche, while the Romans talked about three kinds of spirits.
  • Ruah, in Hebrew, and pneuma, in Greek, are often translated ‘spirit’ but both literally mean ‘breath.’


Greek, literally 'that which is breathed or blown'.

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