Definition of presbyter in English:

presbyter

Syllabification: pres·by·ter
Pronunciation: /ˈprezbitər, ˈpres-
 
/

noun

historical
  • 1An elder or minister of the Christian Church.
    More example sentences
    • Here is (in New Testament terms) the most senior presbyter in the whole Anglican church, and he will be busy raising uncomfortable questions about the teaching of the Word of God.
    • Early in 391, on a visit to the port of Hippo Regius 45 miles from Thagaste, he was forcibly ordained presbyter for the small Catholic congregation.
  • 1.1 formal (In Presbyterian churches) an elder.
    More example sentences
    • Although we may not realize it, elders, or presbyters, were some of the most important figures in the early church.
    • The presbyter, a member of the ‘priesthood in the presbyteral order,’ is teacher, priest and shepherd, leads and unifies the faithful, and shares in the priesthood of bishops.
    • The care of souls instead was the task of the presbyter (priest, ‘elder’) who was also responsible for the day-to-day administration of the sacraments.
  • 1.2 formal (In Episcopal churches) a minister of the second order, under the authority of a bishop; a priest.
    More example sentences
    • The deacon is defined in relation to bishops and presbyters, helping as a minister of word, liturgy, and charity.
    • I have yet to meet a Canadian presbyter or bishop who will even broker the point, let alone agree to one atom of it.
    • We see, in both passages in which the qualifications of a bishop or presbyter are listed, that the candidate must be ‘the husband of one wife.’

Derivatives

presbyteral

Pronunciation: /prezˈbitərəl, pres-/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Bishops should resume their traditional roles as vicars of Christ in their own dioceses and be prepared to consult with the presbyteral, pastoral, and finance councils provided for in canon law.
  • Parish and diocesan pastoral councils, like presbyteral councils, are in place, but they do not seem to work very well.
  • The presbyter, a member of the ‘priesthood in the presbyteral order,’ is teacher, priest and shepherd, leads and unifies the faithful, and shares in the priesthood of bishops.

presbyterate

Pronunciation: /prezˈbitəˌrāt, pres-/
noun
More example sentences
  • It's been clear from the beginning that there's nothing in the history of the Church of England and then the Anglican Church of Australia, which legally precludes a woman from being ordained as deacon, presbyterate, or bishop.
  • He is unimpressed by the fact that the great majority of Christians in the world belong to bodies that, in continuity with two millennia of history, believe women cannot be ordained to what is traditionally called the presbyterate.
  • But whatever the Vatican decides to do, will you stand with those already outcast from the presbyterate?

presbyterial

Pronunciation: /ˌprezbiˈti(ə)rēəl, ˌpres-/
adjective
More example sentences
  • The earliest courts in the Bible were formed in the presbyterial system of justice wherein the elders or heads of families formed the court that sat in the City Gate.
  • The Presbyterial Ordination should fall within the Mass immediately before the Peace.

presbytership

noun
More example sentences
  • I do not believe for a moment that my Presbytership is anything less than a mandate for all of Living Faith to reach outside our town.

Origin

late 16th century: via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek presbuteros 'elder' (used in the New Testament to denote an elder of the early church), comparative of presbus 'old (man)'.

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