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prince

Syllabification: prince
Pronunciation: /prins
 
/

Definition of prince in English:

noun

1The son of a monarch.
Example sentences
  • I was anticipating a marvelous story with a princess waiting for her prince in her royal castle.
  • Perhaps there should be a rule that princes only become monarch if there are no princesses, and that all Governors General be female?
  • For a second her mind broke free of the constraints of logic, imagining playful pixies and marauding dragons; captured princesses and vengeful princes.
1.1A close male relative of a monarch, especially a son’s son.
Example sentences
  • The prince is the grandson of the founder of Saudi Arabia, King Abdul Aziz, and a nephew of Saudi King Fahd and Crown Prince Abdullah.
  • Close relatives of the tsar were called grand princes, usually translated as grand dukes.
  • Like his great-grandfather, Akbar the Great, the young prince cultivated good relations with his Hindu subjects.
1.2A male royal ruler of a small state, actually, nominally, or originally subject to a king or emperor.
Example sentences
  • At this time it was necessary for scientists to obtain patronage from their kings, princes or rulers.
  • These displays of generosity were used by princes to bind their subjects to themselves, promoting a culture based on the granting of gifts in exchange for loyalty and service.
  • Thus English kings paid homage, albeit usually reluctantly, to the kings of France for their tenure of Aquitaine, and in turn claimed homage from Welsh princes and Scottish kings.
Synonyms
1.3(In France, Germany and other European countries) a nobleman, usually ranking next below a duke.
Example sentences
  • Operas were originally composed and presented as a sumptuous accompaniment to some special event, such as the weddings or birthdays of dukes, princes, and the like.
  • Many princes and dukes have come, seeking your hands in marriage.
  • This played into the hands of the dukes, princes and landholders who had no desire to share political power.
1.4 (prince of/among) A man or thing regarded as outstanding or excellent in a particular sphere or group: arctic char is a prince among fishes
More example sentences
  • It came courtesy of my pal Dave, prince of quipsters.
  • Manager of its football team from 1963 to 1974, this prince of charm was a true gentleman, magnanimous in defeat and generous in victory.
  • What will the 63-year-old prince of folk, whose anthems were adopted by the civil rights movement in the early 1960s, tell us next?

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin princeps, princip- 'first, chief, sovereign', from primus 'first' + capere 'take'.

More
  • The Latin word princeps, ‘first, chief, sovereign’, is the source of prince, and also of both principal (Middle English) meaning ‘chief’ and principle (Late Middle English) ‘a rule or theory on which something is based’. A prince was originally a ruler of a smaller state, as in the Prince of Wales, a title that since the reign of Edward III has been given to the eldest son of the king or queen of England. At first this was the only use in England, but over time the term has been extended to include other members of the royal family. In the reign of James I it was applied to all the sons of the sovereign, and later, under Queen Victoria, to all the grandsons too. Prince Charming is the traditional name of the young prince who marries the heroine in a pantomime or fairy tale such as Cinderella or Sleeping Beauty. He first appeared as Le roi Charmant, or ‘King Charming’, in the French fairy story The Blue Bird ( 1698), and made his English debut in a play of 1851.

Derivatives

princedom

1
noun
Example sentences
  • Baronial connections with Wales also helped Llywelyn I to expand his princedom of Gwynedd to its maximum extent.
  • In this David-Goliath battle Philip had armaments, a trained army and more annual income (largely from the New World) than other European nations and princedoms combined.
  • As Machiavelli stresses in chapter 2, his interest lies not in republics as such, but rather in the government of cities, whether they are ruled as republics or as princedoms.

Words that rhyme with prince

chintz, convince, evince, Linz, mince, Port-au-Prince, quince, rinse, since, Vince, wince

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