Definition of prophage in English:

prophage

Syllabification: pro·phage
Pronunciation: /ˈprōˌfāj
 
/

noun

Microbiology
  • The genetic material of a bacteriophage, incorporated into the genome of a bacterium and able to produce phages if specifically activated.
    More example sentences
    • The incorporation of plasmids or prophages into the bacterial chromosomes is called transfection.
    • Specialized transducing phages generated from the prophage by illegitimate recombination usually contain the E. coli genes gal or bio that are adjacent to the phage genome.
    • This phenomenon is similar to suicidal defense against phage infection, or phage exclusion, programmed by prophages and plasmids, and may well play a similar role.

Origin

1950s: from pro-2 'before' + phage.

More definitions of prophage

Definition of prophage in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day astrogation
Pronunciation: ˌastrəˈgāSHən
noun
(in science fiction) navigation in outer space