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proportional

Syllabification: pro·por·tion·al
Pronunciation: /prəˈpôrSH(ə)n(ə)l
 
/

Definition of proportional in English:

adjective

1Corresponding in size or amount to something else: the punishment should be proportional to the crime
More example sentences
  • The amounts produced are proportional to the size of the gland, whether this is increased benignly or by prostate cancer.
  • As such the amount paid in fees, proportional to the amount under management, has continued to increase.
  • The amount of tiles left out will be proportional to the size of the tile.
Synonyms
1.1 Mathematics (Of a variable quantity) having a constant ratio to another quantity.
Example sentences
  • The ratio of the squares of the periods of two planets is directly proportional to the ratio of the cubes of the radii of their orbits.
  • Gravitational force is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between two objects.
  • Instead the heat is inversely proportional to the square of the distance.

Origin

late Middle English: from late Latin proportionalis, from proportio(n-) (see proportion).

Usage

Except in certain long-established phrases, such as proportional representation, the adjectives proportional and proportionate may be used interchangeably.

Derivatives

proportionality

1
Pronunciation: /prəˌpôrSHəˈnalətē, pərˌpôrSHəˈnalədē/
noun
Example sentences
  • Yeah, I think proportionality is very difficult to achieve in this kind of atmosphere.
  • I want to turn to my last area, which is about proportionality.
  • This is difficult to do because of the old principle of proportionality, which may cause minorities to be outvoted by the majority.

proportionally

2
Pronunciation: /-SHənl-ē/
adverb
Example sentences
  • The province has proportionally fewer miles of rail line than the rest of the country, especially given its level of economic development.
  • Cats and dogs were the most commonly stockpiled pets, and women were proportionally more likely than men to acquire cats.
  • Because our lower houses aren't proportionally representative that vote is not yet represented in a similar proportion of seats.

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