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proteolysis

Syllabification: pro·te·ol·y·sis
Pronunciation: /ˌprōdēˈäləsəs
 
/

Definition of proteolysis in English:

noun

Biochemistry
The breakdown of proteins or peptides into amino acids by the action of enzymes.
Example sentences
  • As a cheese ages, fats and proteins break down through proteolysis, into simplified units via bacterial or fungal actions.
  • A protein resistant to heat and proteolysis that inhibits serine proteases was isolated from wheat leaf apoplasts.
  • Chapter 5 focuses on the catabolism of proteoglycans, detailing mainly proteolysis and the host of proteases involved.

Origin

late 19th century: modern Latin, from protein + -lysis.

Derivatives

proteolytic

1
Pronunciation: /-əˈlitik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Most notably, there are the proteolytic enzymes trypsin and chymotrypsin, which our bodies make.
  • The biochemical degradation of proteins through hydrolysis of peptide bonds is caused by the action of proteolytic enzymes or proteases.
  • Fibrinogen and its proteolytic cleavage product, fibrin, are critical plasma proteins with multiple functions in blood clotting.

proteolytically

2
Pronunciation: /-əˈlitik(ə)lē/
adverb
Example sentences
  • All 3 proteins are proteolytically regulated by sterols.
  • The proteolytically modified actins were used within 1 day.
  • We therefore developed proteogest, a program that generates basic descriptive statistics for both the intact and proteolytically processed proteome.

Definition of proteolysis in:

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