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proton

Syllabification: pro·ton
Pronunciation: /ˈprōˌtän
 
/

Definition of proton in English:

noun

Physics
A stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, with a positive electric charge equal in magnitude to that of an electron, but of opposite sign.

The mass of the proton is 1,836 times greater than that of the electron. The atoms of each chemical element have a characteristic number of protons in the nucleus; this is known as the atomic number. The common isotope of hydrogen has a nucleus consisting of a single proton

Example sentences
  • Overall, atoms are neutral and the number of protons in their nuclei equals the number of electrons.
  • The matter was composed primarily of an ionized gas of electrons, protons, and helium nuclei.
  • An alpha particle consists of two protons and two neutrons; it is the nucleus of a helium atom.

Origin

1920s: from Greek, neuter of prōtos 'first'.

Derivatives

protonic

1
Pronunciation: /prōˈtänik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The organic purity of the organoarsenic species was determined by protonic nuclear magnetic resonance.
  • The rate of the former, productive reaction is determined by the protonic conductance of the consumer.
  • It consists of an interdependence between the electronic and protonic captures, which results from electrostatic interactions between redox and protonatable groups.

Words that rhyme with proton

photon

Definition of proton in:

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