There are 2 definitions of puncheon in English:

puncheon1

Syllabification: pun·cheon
Pronunciation: /pənCHən
 
/

noun

1A short post, especially one used for supporting the roof in a coal mine.
1.1US A rough board or other length of wood, usually with one flattened side, used for flooring or building.
2 another term for punch2.
More example sentences
  • They married in 1787, but to add to his woes, before this happy event, it was thought Nelson had tuberculosis, which, together with the depression, led his crew to prepare a puncheon of rum to receive his body.
  • Farmers used any wooden casks they could get hold of, though West Indian puncheons that had previously held rum were especially prized because of the flavour they gave the cider.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French poinchon, probably based on Latin punct- 'punctured', from the verb pungere. Compare with the noun pounce1.

Definition of puncheon in:

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Word of the day antebellum
Pronunciation: ˌantēˈbeləm
adjective
occurring or existing before a particular war…

There are 2 definitions of puncheon in English:

puncheon2

Syllabification: pun·cheon
Pronunciation: /
 
pənCHən/

noun

historical
A large cask for liquids or other commodities holding from 72 to 120 gallons.
More example sentences
  • We had passed through long walls of piled skeletons, with casks and puncheons intermingling, into the inmost recesses of the catacombs.
  • Belcher Brothers & Co. names its 84 gallon line a ‘puncheon’ and there is a line for a 120 gallon ‘pipe’ as well as a 120 gallon ‘hogshead.’
  • The rum trade has been analyzed for what it can say about currency equivalencies and the volume of puncheons, but not for people's actually drinking it.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French poinchon, of uncertain origin although forms in Old French and English correspond to those of puncheon1.

Definition of puncheon in:

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Word of the day antebellum
Pronunciation: ˌantēˈbeləm
adjective
occurring or existing before a particular war…