Definition of random in English:

random

Syllabification: ran·dom
Pronunciation: /ˈrandəm
 
/

adjective

  • 1Made, done, happening, or chosen without method or conscious decision: a random sample of 100 households
    More example sentences
    • What is now required is to go beyond looking at what happened as a random event.
    • We don't want a list of random facts that just happen to be true of all the languages that are spoken now.
    • He becomes the victim of random violence, and is beaten to death by street thugs.
    Synonyms
    unsystematic, unmethodical, arbitrary, unplanned, undirected, casual, indiscriminate, nonspecific, haphazard, stray, erratic; chance, accidental
  • 1.1 Statistics Governed by or involving equal chances for each item.
    More example sentences
    • The four conditions occurred in a random order and with equal probability within each block of trials.
    • Results are based on statistically valid random samples of members and are rigorously audited.
    • This has made the whole process of ensuring a random sample more difficult.
  • 1.2(Of masonry) with stones of irregular size and shape.
    More example sentences
    • York stone flags, laid in random sizes, were chosen for the paving to give a sense of quality and scale.
  • 2 informal Odd, unusual, or unexpected: I find it impossible to not laugh at such a random guy
    More example sentences
    • We could even have done with a little background music to fill a silence only broken by the random squawk of a passing gull.
    • I spent a lot of my time in the boat dodging the sail, which swung at my head every time a random gust arrived.
    • Basically I got a random phone call from him.

Phrases

at random

Without method or conscious decision: he opened the book at random
More example sentences
  • Chrissy picked the blue map book up from the floor by her feet and opened it at random.
  • The attack was unprovoked and it seems he was selected at random for assassination.
  • Manu and Nadine meet up, and go on a road trip, picking up men, and killing at random.
Synonyms
unsystematically, arbitrarily, randomly, unmethodically, haphazardly

Derivatives

randomly

adverb
More example sentences
  • The bands picked names randomly from a hat to decide the order they would play in.
  • If their wins and losses are distributed randomly they will win and lose in clusters.
  • The odd part about this man is that he has a habit of randomly switching tables all over the food court.

randomness

noun
More example sentences
  • At some point we need to talk about the role of randomness in investment success.
  • Read this work diary and you'll probably understand the randomness and excitement of it all.
  • Are there situations when embracing randomness is wrong, or when it should be questioned?

Origin

Middle English (in the sense 'impetuous headlong rush'): from Old French randon 'great speed', from randir 'gallop', from a Germanic root shared by rand2.

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