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reflux

Syllabification: re·flux
Pronunciation: /ˈrēˌfləks
 
/

Definition of reflux in English:

noun

Chemistry
1The process of boiling a liquid in such a way that any vapor is liquefied and returned to the stock.
Example sentences
  • They looked at various substituted benzaldehydes and cyanoamides and compared the results of traditional ethanol reflux, water reflux and solvent-free conditions.
  • In general, distillation can be carried out either with or without reflux.
  • Sugar concentrations in the tips were measured after extraction two times in 4 ml of 80% ethanol boiled with reflux for 20 min.
1.1 technical The flowing back of a liquid, especially that of a fluid in the body.
Example sentences
  • Most investigators consider any esophageal pH below 4.0 as the cutoff defining reflux of gastric acid into the esophagus.
  • I would not have diagnosed reflux on the basis of those records.
  • Just doors away on the same street, Paul Samuels suffered numerous urinary infections and was also diagnosed with the same reflux as the Buckley and Chapman children.

verb

[no object] Chemistry Back to top  
1Boil or cause to boil in circumstances such that the vapor returns to the stock of liquid after condensing.
Example sentences
  • Second, the alkaloid is refluxed with acetic anhydride for about five hours.
  • In the laboratory higher concentration ethanol, with less water, can be produced by refluxing the rectified spirit with quicklime and then distilling the alcohol mixture.
  • Three liters of 95% ethanol were added to each bottle and then refluxed for 4 hours.
1.1 technical (Of a liquid, especially a bodily fluid) flow back.
Example sentences
  • The reflex peristaltic contraction sweeps any refluxed gastric fluid back into the stomach.
  • The main function of pyloric closure is to reduce the volume of fluid that refluxes into the distal stomach from the duodenum.
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is defined as symptoms or mucosal damage resulting from the exposure of the distal oesophagus to refluxed gastric contents.

Definition of reflux in:

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