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repel

Syllabification: re·pel
Pronunciation: /rəˈpel
 
/

Definition of repel in English:

verb (repels, repelling, repelled)

[with object]
1Drive or force (an attack or attacker) back or away: government units sought to repel the rebels
More example sentences
  • McNamara and Blight argue that the U.S. should pledge not to use force unilaterally except to repel an attack, forgoing sovereign rights in favor of the collective security of a multilateral organization.
  • In the physical world, once an attacker is repelled, you follow up with counterattack.
  • In the film's climactic sequence, she turns into a Ninja fighter who repels the attacks of a group of dancing Israeli sharpshooters.
Synonyms
fight off, repulse, drive back/away, force back, beat back, push back;
hold off, ward off, keep at bay
archaic rebut
1.1 [with object] (Of a magnetic pole or electric field) force (something similarly magnetized or charged) away from itself: electrically charged objects attract or repel one another [no object]: like poles repel and unlike poles attract
More example sentences
  • Many everyday objects, including water and wood, are weakly diamagnetic - that is, they're repelled by magnetic fields.
  • It repels itself from the magnet it was once attracted to.
1.2(Of a substance) resist mixing with or be impervious to (another substance): boots with good-quality leather uppers to repel moisture
More example sentences
  • The mixture is an excellent material for coatings, according to Parris, because the zein portion resists grease, and the fatty acids repel water.
  • The essence of Senefelder's discovery was that if the stone is written on with a grease-based ink and then wetted, the ink will repel the water, which in turn repels the printing ink from all but the marks first made.
  • The glass, coated with microscopic chemical coatings, has properties which repel moisture and dirt, allowing them to be washed away during normal rainy weather.
Synonyms
be impervious to, be impermeable to, keep out, resist, be ——proof
2Be repulsive or distasteful to: she was repelled by the permanent smell of drink on his breath
More example sentences
  • Then I asked them each to pick out one painting that he or she couldn't stand and tell me what it was about the picture that repelled or repulsed him or her.
  • But there is, none the less, something in popular culture that repels him.
  • The ritual, which includes the mixing of human ashes and blood then drinking it, might repel us, but our reaction sharpens the real distinction and gulf between the savages' lives and ours.
Synonyms
revolt, disgust, repulse, sicken, nauseate, turn someone's stomach, be repulsive, be distasteful, be repugnant
informal turn off, gross out
3 formal Refuse to accept (something, especially an argument or theory): the alleged right of lien led by the bankrupt’s attorney was repelled

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin repellere, from re- 'back' + pellere 'to drive'.

More
  • appeal from (Middle English):

    Recorded first in legal contexts, appeal comes via Old French from Latin appellare ‘to address, accost, call upon’. Peal (Late Middle English) is a shortening of appeal, perhaps from the call to prayers of a ringing bell. The base of appeal is Latin pellere ‘to drive’, found also in compel ‘drive together’; dispel ‘drive apart’; expel ‘drive out’; impel ‘drive towards’; and impulsive; propel ‘drive forwards’; repel ‘drive back’, all Late Middle English. It is also the source of the pulse (Middle English) that you can feel on your wrist and is related to push (Middle English). The other kind of pulse, an edible seed, is a different word, which comes via Old French from Latin puls ‘porridge of meal or pulse’, related to the sources of both pollen and powder.

Derivatives

repeller

1
noun
Example sentences
  • Meanwhile, perhaps my tech-savvy readers can weigh in on a question that is currently fascinating the technophobe journalists in my office: do those electronic plug-in pest repellers actually work?
  • This neglects the possibility of domain formation, of specific molecular interactions via stickers and repellers, and of membrane undulations.
  • Paintings of the white tiger, considered a symbol of auspiciousness and repeller of evil, were once seen in every home and they were looked upon as benevolent messengers of the mountain spirit.

Definition of repel in:

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