Definition of retention in English:

retention

Syllabification: re·ten·tion
Pronunciation: /riˈtenCHən
 
/

noun

  • 1The continued possession, use, or control of something: the retention of direct control by central government
    More example sentences
    • The most common rationale for war was acquisition or retention of territory.
    • Selective retention would include a plan to keep employees in the top three groups.
    • Projects must meet a specific physical test for retention of existing walls and internal structural framework.
  • 1.1The fact of keeping something in one’s memory: the children’s retention of facts
    More example sentences
    • Do you hold store in ‘knowledge’ or retention of facts as an identifier to intellectual ability?
    • ‘Just one administration of the drug resulted in very potent memory retention,’ which may last as long as 21 days, he says.
    • Processing speed doesn't matter in the brain, says Hawkins, because the basis of thought is not data manipulation but memory retention and prediction.
  • 1.2The action of absorbing and continuing to hold a substance: the soil’s retention of moisture
    More example sentences
    • So, for instance, fissures in the underlying bedrock or a man-made trench or pit will often fill with soils and matter that have greater moisture retention and more nutrients than the surrounding, undisturbed subsoil.
    • Labor and time are saved when the farmer doesn't plow the field, and the organic matter sitting on the soil works effectively to decrease water run-off and erosion and boost the soil's nutrient retention.
    • Gums help low-fat cheese products retain their shape, cuttability, melting characteristics, spreadability and moisture retention.
  • 1.3Failure to eliminate a substance from the body: eating too much salt can lead to fluid retention
    More example sentences
    • Others have reported increased fecal P excretion and decreased P absorption and retention with increased dietary Mg concentrations.
    • The aged and dying marshal de Biron showed himself an unreliable instrument of force in Paris, while at Grenoble the 86-year-old marshal de Vaux was immobilized by retention of urine.
    • It has been found to act as a satisfactory fat replacement in many processed foods, helping to give them pleasing texture, mouth feel, body, and moisture retention.

Origin

late Middle English (denoting the power to retain something): from Old French, from Latin retentio(n-), from retinere 'hold back' (see retain).

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Pronunciation: skōSH
noun
a small amount; a little