1A projecting starched frill worn around the neck, characteristic of Elizabethan and Jacobean costume.
- As low necklines gave way to ruffs of starched lace, enameled gold and jeweled necklaces hung to the waist and below on men and women alike.
- Throughout Lady Rebecca regaled members with interesting titbits and explanations of why the Elizabethans wore shifts, fur trimming, cuffs and ruffs, etc.
- In Elizabethan times the roots were dried and crushed and the powder was mixed with water and used to stiffen the ruffs worn by the gentry.
2A projecting or conspicuously colored ring of feathers or hair around the neck of a bird or mammal.
- The tail has a dark band at the end, with a lighter tip, which, like the dark ruff around the neck, is evident when fanned open.
- In addition, bicolors have a white ruff, white legs and feet and may have patches of white on their bodies.
- Bird feathers used in mate attraction may form huge crests, ruffs, or tails: the male peacock tail is a case in point.
3 (plural same or ruffs) A northern Eurasian wading bird, the male of which has a large variously colored ruff and ear tufts in the breeding season, used in display.
- Philomachus pugnax, family Scolopacidae; the female is called a reeve
- Elsewhere, we came across storks, ruffs and egrets, and herons of all descriptions.
- We determined the frequencies of polyandrous mating and multiple paternity in the ruff, a lekking shorebird with a genetic dimorphism in male mating behavior.
- About 50 species were recorded there including long distance migrants like pallid harriers, ruff and reeves, white ibis, comb ducks, etc.
early 16th century (first used denoting a frill around a sleeve): probably from a variant of rough.
1(In bridge, whist, and similar card games) play a trump in a trick that was led in a different suit.
- The purpose of making a multiple lead is that provided that each opponent has at least one card of the suit led they cannot win by ruffing.
- South could have survived by ruffing with dummy's spade six and running the spade jack, but he extravagantly ruffed with dummy's jack, then played a spade to his queen.
1.1 [with object] Play a trump on (a card in another suit).
- I ruffed the first club in my hand and then played a trump to the ace.
- Then I ruffed a diamond, ruffed my last heart with the king and ruffed another diamond.
- South ruffs a diamond in his hand, he takes the ace of clubs, ruffs a diamond, and leads the king and jack of clubs, pitching a spade from dummy when West covers.
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An act of ruffing or opportunity to ruff.
- It is often bad to lead the second round of hearts, because of the danger of giving a ruff and discard to the opponents, since there are only six cards in the suit.
- This strategy suits hands which look to be strong in honour cards or have a long suit that may be run through without ruffs by the opponent.
One of the basic patterns (rudiments) of drumming, consisting of a single note preceded by either two grace notes played with the other stick ( double-stroke ruff or drag) or three grace notes played with alternating sticks ( four-stroke ruff).
- One passage suggests the right hand is playing open and closed high hat notes while simultaneously playing four-stroke ruffs with the left hand.
- The Four Stroke Ruff is a wonderful embellishment that has three grace notes and a prime note.
late 17th century: probably imitative.