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sapphire

Syllabification: sap·phire
Pronunciation: /ˈsaˌfī(ə)r
 
/

Definition of sapphire in English:

noun

1A transparent precious stone, typically blue, that is a variety of corundum (aluminum oxide).
Example sentences
  • Most of them were common gems - rubies, diamonds, onyxes, sapphires, emeralds, topazes, and so on, and were used to supplement Elements and Talents.
  • There are no futures markets in diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, rubies, amethysts or any other precious stone because of their ‘unique’ factor.
  • Gold, silver, lapis lazuli, rubies, opals, sapphires, emeralds, and many more gems I couldn't name adorned his neck, wrists, hands and ankles.
1.1A bright blue color.
Example sentences
  • By the nineteenth century these glass liners were often made in a beautiful deep sapphire blue that showed through their openwork silver cages.
  • She had that amazing, natural-blonde head of hair and deep, sapphire blue eyes.
  • A button-up oxford shirt, sapphire blue, meshed well with his eyes.
2A small hummingbird with shining blue or violet colors in its plumage and a short tail.
  • Hylocharis and other genera, family Trochilidae: several species
Example sentences
  • He also heard a blue-throated sapphire (also called a blue-throated golden-tail), a relatively small hummingbird.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French safir, via Latin from Greek sappheiros, probably denoting lapis lazuli.

Derivatives

sapphirine

1
Pronunciation: /ˈsafərin, -ˌrēn, -ˌrīn/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The three sapphirine granulite samples with Sm / Nd ratios 0.1699, 0.1734 and 0.179 do not show sufficient spread in their isotopic ratios and hence no meaningful isochron can be derived.
  • The upper-intercept zircon age of 988 Ma from sapphirine granulite is c.100 Ma older than the concordant monazite age of 900 Ma, which is commonly taken to represent the latest thermal equilibration.
  • Additionally, isotopic disequilibrium between whole rock and minerals in sapphirine granulites could have resulted from rapid melting and been further enhanced by a prolonged reaction history of the sapphirine granulite.

Words that rhyme with sapphire

backfirecampfire

Definition of sapphire in:

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