nounchiefly North American
A tenant farmer who gives a part of each crop as rent.
- As southern cotton growers reduced production in return for federal payments, sharecroppers and tenant farmers were driven from the land.
- Many lose their land and must become tenant farmers, sharecroppers, or wage-laborers for the better-off peasants who can afford fertilizers and some machinery.
- This meant white farm owners were paid to let their land sit idle, often resulting in the eviction of sharecroppers and tenant farmers, a significant number of whom were African American.
verb (sharecrops, sharecropping, sharecropped)
- Example sentences
- Less than one-fifth of farmers lease or sharecrop the land they till.
- Blacks who owned small farms and also rented or sharecropped were often identified as renters or sharecroppers in the census.
- Agricultural land is owned individually or jointly, sharecropped, or rented, and the number of farmers and the amount of land under cultivation have declined consistently.
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