Definition of silica in English:

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silica

Pronunciation: /ˈsilikə/

noun

A hard, unreactive, colorless compound that occurs as the mineral quartz and as a principal constituent of sandstone and other rocks.
  • Alternative name: silicon dioxide; chemical formula: SiO2.
Example sentences
  • Soluble silicates can be obtained by heating alkali metal carbonates and silica.
  • Quartz and sand are composed of silicon and oxygen alone: silicon dioxide, or silica.
  • Cristobalite is a crystalline form of silica that has a diamondlike structure.

Derivatives

siliceous

Pronunciation: /səˈliSHəs/
(also silicious) adjective
Example sentences
  • Quartz is the dominant mineral in veins in siliceous rocks, calcite in limestones, and gypsum in gypsiferous sediments.
  • After initial fieldwork in 2000 we realized that the ‘upper siliceous zone’ can be further subdivided into two distinct siliceous horizons.
  • Tectonic ironstone encompasses siliceous and ferruginous rock types that are characterized by the presence of chert or cherty quartzite, iron sulphides and their alteration products.

Origin

Early 19th century: from Latin silex, silic- 'flint', on the pattern of words such as alumina.

Words that rhyme with silica

basilica

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: sil·i·ca

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