Share this entry

Share this page

silicon

Syllabification: sil·i·con
Pronunciation: /ˈsilikən
 
, ˈsiləˌkän
 
/

Definition of silicon in English:

noun

The chemical element of atomic number 14, a nonmetal with semiconducting properties, used in making electronic circuits. Pure silicon exists in a shiny dark gray crystalline form and as an amorphous powder. (Symbol: Si)
Example sentences
  • As silicon doesn't conduct electricity, impurities are added so it becomes a conductor.
  • Silicosis is caused when silicon, fine particles of rock, enters the lungs and cuts lung tissue.
  • The most common technology for harvesting energy from sunlight is the photovoltaic cell based on silicon.

Origin

early 19th century: alteration of earlier silicium, from Latin silex, silic- 'flint', on the pattern of carbon and boron.

Definition of silicon in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?