A Slavic gymnastic society aiming to promote a communal spirit and physical fitness, originating in Prague in 1862.
- Following the German model but in order to educate their oppressed nation both physically and morally, the Czechs set up a gymnastics movement called the Sokol in 1862.
- Czech immigrants established Sokols in many major cities, beginning with St. Louis in 1865.
- Although slow to catch on in the schools, gymnastics did flourish in the Turnvereins and Sokols.
Czech, literally 'falcon' (the emblem of the society).
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